Site Information

Learning About The Bovine Foot

This page will give you a great overview about the bovine foot, arming you with the knowledge that you need in order to use our hoof care products more efficiently. Discover the anatomy of the bovine foot and how cattle hoof trimming can help keep your animals healthier. Place an order for your cow hoof trimming equipment in Trim-Tec's online store today. 

The Bovine Foot

The anatomy and physiology of the bovine foot is complex and precise. Here at Trim-Trec, we do our best to break down these two components of the bovine foot, while also making the finest hoof trimming tools on the market available to you.

To better understand the art of making hoof trimming tools, it is crucial to understand the anatomy and physiology of the bovine foot. In order to do this, one must first understand the hoof. The hoof contains three basic tissues: horn, bone and corium, which connects both the horn and bone.

The corium is the most vulnerable of all the hoof tissues because it contains the nerves and blood vessels, which supply all of the nutrients to the horn’s information system. Regular exercise is critical for good blood circulation. This makes for better and healthier horn growth and easier hoof trimming.

The pedal bone is the third tissue of the hoof, which is slightly arched, primarily within the inner (axial) surface. An important and major aspect of the pedal bone is that its blood vessels supply the corium of the whole hoof.screenshot-1.png

The bovine foot, meanwhile, is divided into two digits. The claw is at the end of each digit, which is surrounded by the horn capsule. The horn capsule surrounding each claw consists of the white line, heel, sole and wall. The wall is divided into abaxial wall (outside) and the axial wall (inside).

The heel is connected to the wall at the axial and abaxial grooves . The sole is is often divided into the sole at the toe and the heel sole junction. The sole can either be flat or slanted. The claw is comprised of the horn capsule and the structures that are contained within.

The structures include:

● the distal phalanx and navicular bone

● the navicular bursa

● the distal interphalangeal joint

● the distal ends and insertions of the extensor and flexor tendons

● the distal end of the deep flexor tendon sheath

● the coronary and digital cushions

● the corium

The corium is subdivided into four regions: the perioplic corium, the coronary corium, the sensitive laminae and the corium of the sole. Each of these regions, as well as the entire hoof, must be taken close care of in order to breed cattle to their full potential, whether they are dairy cattle or cows meant for slaughter. Unhealthy hooves lead to deficiency in breeding and producing dairy. You can keep your cattle all healthy with a little more knowledge of the bovine foot and the right hoof trimming tools from Trim-Tec.

Feel free to contact us at any time via email or by phone should you have any additional questions or inquiries about the bovine foot or any of our hoof trimming tools. We look forward to hearing from you and helping you out anyway we can.